CSV version of social-distancing mandate table

The IHME COVID-19 health service utilization forecasting team has updated our pre-print on how we make the projections on https://covid19.healthdata.org/

You can find it here while it makes its way onto medRxiv (and eventually makes it through the peer-review process, I hope!)

The preprint is now up to 68 pages, and a table starting on page 65 lists all of the dates that David Pigott and his army of data analysts compiled as part of this work. I think it might be useful to other researchers, and if it is, I’m sure they have better things to do than transform it into a machine-readable format.

So here is the csv version of Supplementary Information: Timing of implementation and references for social distance measures by location.

name country admin1 Mass gathering restrictions Stay at Home Order Educational facilities closed Initial business closures Non-essential services closed Travel severely limited Source Mass gathering restrictions Source Stay at Home Order Source Educational facilities closed Source Initial business closure Source Non-essential services closed Source Travel severely limited
Baden-Wurttemberg Germany Baden-Wurttemberg full implementation 21.03.2020 17.03.2020 full implementation 21.03.2020 not implemented https://stm.baden-wuerttemberg.de/fileadmin/redaktion/dateien/PDF/Coronainfos/200322_Rechtsverordnung_englisch.pdf https://stm.baden-wuerttemberg.de/fileadmin/redaktion/dateien/PDF/Coronainfos/200322_Rechtsverordnung_englisch.pdf https://stm.baden-wuerttemberg.de/fileadmin/redaktion/dateien/PDF/200317_StM_VO_IfSG_Corona.pdf https://stm.baden-wuerttemberg.de/fileadmin/redaktion/dateien/PDF/Coronainfos/200322_Rechtsverordnung_englisch.pdf https://stm.baden-wuerttemberg.de/fileadmin/redaktion/dateien/PDF/Coronainfos/200322_Rechtsverordnung_englisch.pdf
Bavaria Germany Bavaria full implementation 21.03.2020 16.03.2020 17.03.2020 21.03.2020 not implemented https://www.stmgp.bayern.de/presse/ausgangsbeschraenkung-in-bayern-wegen-coronavirus-pandemie-gesundheitsministerin-huml/ https://www.stmgp.bayern.de/presse/ausgangsbeschraenkung-in-bayern-wegen-coronavirus-pandemie-gesundheitsministerin-huml/ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-germany-schools/german-state-of-bavaria-closes-schools-to-slow-coronavirus-epidemic-dpa-idUSKBN2100SA http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-03/16/c_138884534.htm https://www.stmgp.bayern.de/presse/ausgangsbeschraenkung-in-bayern-wegen-coronavirus-pandemie-gesundheitsministerin-huml/
Berlin Germany Berlin full implementation 23.03.2020 23.03.2020 14.03.2020 23.03.2020 not implemented https://www.berlin.de/corona/en/measures/ https://www.berlin.de/corona/en/measures/ https://www.berlin.de/corona/massnahmen/verordnung/ https://www.spiegel.de/panorama/gesellschaft/coronavirus-mehrere-bundeslaender-schraenken-oeffentliches-leben-massiv-ein-a-d1563908-34d8-46ee-ae40-520e34f82c88 https://www.berlin.de/corona/massnahmen/verordnung/
Brandenburg Germany Brandenburg full implementation 17.03.2020 18.03.2020 full implementation 17.03.2020 not implemented https://www.maerkisch-oderland.de/de/datei/anzeigen/id/18585,1249/sars-cov-2-eindv.pdf https://www.maerkisch-oderland.de/de/datei/anzeigen/id/18585,1249/sars-cov-2-eindv.pdf https://www.maerkisch-oderland.de/de/datei/anzeigen/id/18585,1249/sars-cov-2-eindv.pdf https://www.maerkisch-oderland.de/de/datei/anzeigen/id/18585,1249/sars-cov-2-eindv.pdf https://www.maerkisch-oderland.de/de/datei/anzeigen/id/18585,1249/sars-cov-2-eindv.pdf
Bremen Germany Bremen full implementation 22.03.2020 16.03.2020 full implementation 20.03.2020 not implemented https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/themen/coronavirus/besprechung-der-bundeskanzlerin-mit-den-regierungschefinnen-und-regierungschefs-der-laender-1733248 https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/themen/coronavirus/besprechung-der-bundeskanzlerin-mit-den-regierungschefinnen-und-regierungschefs-der-laender-1733248 https://www.senatspressestelle.bremen.de/detail.php?gsid=bremen146.c.331761.de&asl= https://www.amtliche-bekanntmachungen.bremen.de/allgemeinverfuegung-ueber-das-verbot-von-veranstaltungen-zusammenkuenften-und-der-oeffnung-bestimmter-betriebe-46847299; https://www.senatspressestelle.bremen.de/pressemitteilungen-1464?id=1464&skip=20 https://www.amtliche-bekanntmachungen.bremen.de/allgemeinverfuegung-ueber-das-verbot-von-veranstaltungen-zusammenkuenften-und-der-oeffnung-bestimmter-betriebe-46847299; https://www.senatspressestelle.bremen.de/pressemitteilungen-1464?id=1464&skip=20
Hamburg Germany Hamburg full implementation 22.03.2020 16.03.2020 15.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://www.hamburg.de/allgemeinverfuegungen/13746326/2020-03-22-voruebergehende-kontaktbeschraenkungen/ https://www.hamburg.de/allgemeinverfuegungen/13746326/2020-03-22-voruebergehende-kontaktbeschraenkungen/ https://www.hamburg.de/coronavirus/pressemeldungen/13721230/2015-03-03-sk-massnahmen-corona-virus/ https://www.thelocal.de/20200316/coronavirus-restrictions-whats-closed-and-whats-open-in-germany
Hesse Germany Hesse full implementation 22.03.2020 16.03.2020 15.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://www.hessen.de/presse/pressemitteilung/gemeinsame-leitlinien-von-bund-und-laendern-weiter-verschaerft https://www.hessen.de/presse/pressemitteilung/gemeinsame-leitlinien-von-bund-und-laendern-weiter-verschaerft https://www.hessen.de/presse/pressemitteilung/wir-muessen-die-ausbreitung-der-infektionen-verlangsamen https://www.thelocal.de/20200316/coronavirus-restrictions-whats-closed-and-whats-open-in-germany https://www.hessen.de/presse/pressemitteilung/gemeinsame-leitlinien-von-bund-und-laendern-weiter-verschaerft
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Germany Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania full implementation 23.03.2020 16.03.2020 full implementation 18.03.2020 not implemented https://www.regierung-mv.de/Aktuell/?id=158736&processor=processor.sa.pressemitteilung https://www.regierung-mv.de/Aktuell/?id=158736&processor=processor.sa.pressemitteilung https://www.regierung-mv.de/Aktuell/?id=158508&processor=processor.sa.pressemitteilung https://www.regierung-mv.de/Aktuell/?id=158587&processor=processor.sa.pressemitteilung https://www.regierung-mv.de/Aktuell/?id=158587&processor=processor.sa.pressemitteilung
Lower Saxony Germany Lower Saxony full implementation 23.03.2020 16.03.2020 full implementation 27.03.2020 not implemented https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/themen/coronavirus/besprechung-der-bundeskanzlerin-mit-den-regierungschefinnen-und-regierungschefs-der-laender-1733248 https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/themen/coronavirus/besprechung-der-bundeskanzlerin-mit-den-regierungschefinnen-und-regierungschefs-der-laender-1733248 https://www.niedersachsen.de/Coronavirus/erlasse-und-allgemeinverfuegung/erlasse-und-allgemeinverfuegung-186628.html https://www.niedersachsen.de/politik_staat/gesetze_verordnungen_und_sonstige_vorschriften/aktuelle_verkundungsblatter/download-verkuendungsblaetter-108794.html https://www.niedersachsen.de/politik_staat/gesetze_verordnungen_und_sonstige_vorschriften/aktuelle_verkundungsblatter/download-verkuendungsblaetter-108794.html
North Rhine-Westphalia Germany North Rhine-Westphalia full implementation 23.03.2020 16.03.2020 26.02.2020 23.03.2020 not implemented https://www.land.nrw/de/pressemitteilung/landesregierung-beschliesst-weitreichendes-kontaktverbot-und-weitere-massnahmen-zur https://www.land.nrw/de/pressemitteilung/landesregierung-beschliesst-weitreichendes-kontaktverbot-und-weitere-massnahmen-zur https://www.land.nrw/de/pressemitteilung/ministerin-gebauer-die-landesweite-einstellung-des-unterrichtsbetriebs-ist-eine https://rp-online.de/nrw/staedte/kreis-heinsberg/coronavirus-erste-fall-im-kreis-heinsberg-fotos_bid-49197405 https://www.mags.nrw/erlasse-des-nrw-gesundheitsministeriums-zur-bekaempfung-der-corona-pandemie
Rhineland-Palatinate Germany Rhineland-Palatinate full implementation 22.03.2020 16.03.2020 full implementation 23.03.2020 not implemented https://corona.rlp.de/de/aktuelles/detail/news/News/detail/bund-und-laender-einigen-sich-auf-erweiterung-von-corona-schutzmassnahmen-1/ https://corona.rlp.de/de/aktuelles/detail/news/News/detail/bund-und-laender-einigen-sich-auf-erweiterung-von-corona-schutzmassnahmen-1/ https://www.rlp.de/de/buergerportale/informationen-zum-coronavirus/schulen-und-kitas/ https://www.rlp.de/fileadmin/rlp-stk/pdf-Dateien/Corona/2020-03-23_3._CoBeLVO.pdf https://www.rlp.de/fileadmin/rlp-stk/pdf-Dateien/Corona/2020-03-23_3._CoBeLVO.pdf
Saarland Germany Saarland full implementation 21.03.2020 16.03.2020 15.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://www.saarland.de/SID-80EAC3AE-AB42DE56/254312.htm https://www.saarland.de/SID-80EAC3AE-AB42DE56/254312.htm https://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/germany-states-move-to-close-educational-and-daycare-facilities-a-e9c13296-002b-484b-88bc-e14ea295ff10 https://www.thelocal.de/20200316/coronavirus-restrictions-whats-closed-and-whats-open-in-germany
Saxony Germany Saxony full implementation 23.03.2020 23.03.2020 full implementation 23.03.2020 not implemented https://www.coronavirus.sachsen.de/amtliche-bekanntmachungen.html https://www.coronavirus.sachsen.de/amtliche-bekanntmachungen.html https://www.coronavirus.sachsen.de/download/AllgV-Corona-Schulen-und-Kita-23032020.pdf https://www.spiegel.de/panorama/gesellschaft/coronavirus-mehrere-bundeslaender-schraenken-oeffentliches-leben-massiv-ein-a-d1563908-34d8-46ee-ae40-520e34f82c88 https://medienservice.sachsen.de/medien/news/235290
Saxony-Anhalt Germany Saxony-Anhalt full implementation 22.03.2020 16.03.2020 full implementation 24.03.2020 not implemented https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/themen/coronavirus/besprechung-der-bundeskanzlerin-mit-den-regierungschefinnen-und-regierungschefs-der-laender-1733248 https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/themen/coronavirus/besprechung-der-bundeskanzlerin-mit-den-regierungschefinnen-und-regierungschefs-der-laender-1733248 https://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/germany-states-move-to-close-educational-and-daycare-facilities-a-e9c13296-002b-484b-88bc-e14ea295ff10 https://www.landesrecht.sachsen-anhalt.de/bsst/document/jlr-CoronaV2VSTpP5 https://www.landesrecht.sachsen-anhalt.de/bsst/document/jlr-CoronaV2VSTpP5
Schleswig-Holstein Germany Schleswig-Holstein full implementation 24.03.2020 16.03.2020 14.03.2020 24.03.2020 not implemented https://www.schleswig-holstein.de/DE/Landesregierung/I/Presse/PI/2020/MP/200323_Erlass.html https://www.schleswig-holstein.de/DE/Landesregierung/I/Presse/PI/2020/MP/200323_Erlass.html https://www.schleswig-holstein.de/DE/Landesregierung/VIII/Presse/PI/2020/200313_VIII_Corona_Schulen_Kitas.html;jsessionid=5514E56F90C517D9719600398EC4CCD2.delivery1-master https://www.spiegel.de/panorama/gesellschaft/coronavirus-mehrere-bundeslaender-schraenken-oeffentliches-leben-massiv-ein-a-d1563908-34d8-46ee-ae40-520e34f82c88 https://www.schleswig-holstein.de/DE/Landesregierung/I/Presse/PI/2020/MP/200323_Erlass.html
Thuringia Germany Thuringia full implementation 22.03.2020 17.03.2020 15.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/themen/coronavirus/besprechung-der-bundeskanzlerin-mit-den-regierungschefinnen-und-regierungschefs-der-laender-1733248 https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/themen/coronavirus/besprechung-der-bundeskanzlerin-mit-den-regierungschefinnen-und-regierungschefs-der-laender-1733248 https://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/germany-states-move-to-close-educational-and-daycare-facilities-a-e9c13296-002b-484b-88bc-e14ea295ff10 https://www.thelocal.de/20200316/coronavirus-restrictions-whats-closed-and-whats-open-in-germany
Andalucia Spain Andalucia full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Aragon Spain Aragon full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Principado de Asturias Spain Principado de Asturias full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Islas Baleares Spain Islas Baleares full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Islas Canarias Spain Islas Canarias full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Cantabria Spain Cantabria full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Castilla-La Mancha Spain Castilla-La Mancha full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Castilla y Leon Spain Castilla y Leon full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Cataluna Spain Cataluna 11.03.2020 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 12.03.2020 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.eldiario.es/catalunya/Catalunya-prohibe-eventos-personas-coronavirus_0_1004749678.html https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.garda.com/crisis24/news-alerts/322531/spain-government-places-four-localities-on-lockdown-in-catalonia-as-of-march-12-update-5 https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Ceuta Spain Ceuta full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Comunidad Valenciana Spain Comunidad Valenciana full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Extremadura Spain Extremadura full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Galicia Spain Galicia full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Comunidad de Madrid Spain Comunidad de Madrid full implementation 15.03.2020 11.03.2020 full implementation 13.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.comunidad.madrid/notas-prensa/2020/03/13/comunidad-madrid-ordena-cierre-establecimientos-comercios-alimentacion-primera-necesidad https://www.comunidad.madrid/notas-prensa/2020/03/13/comunidad-madrid-ordena-cierre-establecimientos-comercios-alimentacion-primera-necesidad
Melilla Spain Melilla full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Region de Murcia Spain Region de Murcia full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Comunidad Foral de Navarra Spain Comunidad Foral de Navarra full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
Pais Vasco Spain Pais Vasco full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
La Rioja Spain La Rioja full implementation 15.03.2020 14.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2020/03/14/463/con https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/03/14/pdfs/BOE-A-2020-3692.pdf
France France 04.03.2020 16.03.2020 12.03.2020 full implementation 14.03.2020 17.03.2020 https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx Complete sub-location set Complete sub-location set Complete sub-location set Complete sub-location set Complete sub-location set
Alabama USA Alabama 19.03.2020 04.04.2020 19.03.2020 19.03.2020 28.03.2020 not implemented https://governor.alabama.gov/assets/2020/03/Alabama-State-Health-Officer-Statewide-Social-Distancing-Order-3.19.20.pdf http://www.alabamapublichealth.gov/legal/assets/soe-covid19-stamped-040320.pdf https://governor.alabama.gov/newsroom/2020/03/supplemental-state-of-emergency-coronavirus-covid-19/ https://governor.alabama.gov/assets/2020/03/Alabama-State-Health-Officer-Statewide-Social-Distancing-Order-3.19.20.pdf https://www.alabamanews.net/2020/03/27/alabamas-non-essential-businesses-closed-until-april-17/
Alaska USA Alaska 24.03.2020 28.03.2020 16.03.2020 17.03.2020 28.03.2020 28.03.2020 https://gov.alaska.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/03232020-SOA-COVID-19-Health-Mandate-009.pdf https://gov.alaska.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/03232020-COVID-19-Health-Mandate-010-Attachment-A.pdf https://gov.alaska.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/03132020-COVID-19-Health-Mandate-001.pdf https://gov.alaska.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/03.16.20-COVID-19-Health-Mandate-002.pdf https://gov.alaska.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/03232020-COVID-19-Health-Mandate-010-Attachment-A.pdf https://gov.alaska.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/04132020-COVID-MANDATE-012-Alaska-Small-Community-Emergency-Travel-Order.pdf
Arizona USA Arizona full implementation 30.03.2020 16.03.2020 not implemented not implemented not implemented https://azgovernor.gov/file/34365/download?token=6YdWos-F https://azgovernor.gov/file/34365/download?token=6YdWos-F https://www.azed.gov/communications/2020/03/10/guidance-to-schools-on-covid-19/
Arkansas USA Arkansas 27.03.2020 not implemented 17.03.2020 19.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://governor.arkansas.gov/images/uploads/executiveOrders/EO_20-10._.pdf http://adecm.arkansas.gov/ViewApprovedMemo.aspx?id=4328 https://www.healthy.arkansas.gov/images/uploads/pdf/Directive_03.19.2020_final.pdf
California USA California 11.03.2020 19.03.2020 19.03.2020 full implementation 19.03.2020 not implemented https://www.gov.ca.gov/2020/03/11/california-public-health-experts-mass-gatherings-should-be-postponed-or-canceled-statewide-to-slow-the-spread-of-covid-19/ https://covid19.ca.gov/img/Executive-Order-N-33-20.pdf https://edsource.org/2020/california-k-12-schools-closed-due-to-the-coronavirus/624984 https://covid19.ca.gov/img/Executive-Order-N-33-20.pdf https://covid19.ca.gov/img/Executive-Order-N-33-20.pdf
Colorado USA Colorado 19.03.2020 26.03.2020 23.03.2020 17.03.2020 26.03.2020 not implemented https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AaKvB7q0LHUfU59bI_q08Lz4rCthailr/view https://drive.google.com/file/d/1O1EDCY6-A6QBKxzDImCSF8bBBdOOI3Km/view https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Vz5wNvSyEfH7ylr-ZdUqeEJ_vYVw3wdk/view https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/sites/default/files/atoms/files/Bars%20Restaurants%20PH%20order.pdf https://drive.google.com/file/d/1O1EDCY6-A6QBKxzDImCSF8bBBdOOI3Km/view
Connecticut USA Connecticut 12.03.2020 not implemented 17.03.2020 16.03.2020 23.03.2020 not implemented https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/Office-of-the-Governor/Executive-Orders/Lamont-Executive-Orders/Executive-Order-No-7.pdf?la=en https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/Office-of-the-Governor/Executive-Orders/Lamont-Executive-Orders/Executive-Order-No-7C.pdf?la=en https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/Office-of-the-Governor/Executive-Orders/Lamont-Executive-Orders/Executive-Order-No-7D.pdf?la=en https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/Office-of-the-Governor/Executive-Orders/Lamont-Executive-Orders/Executive-Order-No-7H.pdf?la=en
Delaware USA Delaware 16.03.2020 24.03.2020 16.03.2020 16.03.2020 24.03.2020 not implemented https://governor.delaware.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/24/2020/03/State-of-Emergency_Modified-03162020.pdf https://governor.delaware.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/24/2020/03/Fifth-Modification-to-State-of-Emergency-03222020.pdf https://governor.delaware.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/24/2020/03/School-Letter-Governor-Carney-03132020.pdf https://governor.delaware.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/24/2020/03/Second-Modification-to-the-State-of-Emergency.pdf https://governor.delaware.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/24/2020/03/Fourth-Modification-to-State-of-Emergency-03222020.pdf
Florida USA Florida 03.04.2020 03.04.2020 17.03.2020 17.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://www.flgov.com/wp-content/uploads/orders/2020/EO_20-91-compressed.pdf https://www.flgov.com/wp-content/uploads/orders/2020/EO_20-91-compressed.pdf http://www.fldoe.org/newsroom/latest-news/florida-department-of-education-announces-additional-guidance-for-the-2019-20-school-year.stml https://www.flgov.com/wp-content/uploads/orders/2020/EO_20-68.pdf
Georgia USA Georgia 24.03.2020 03.04.2020 18.03.2020 24.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://gov.georgia.gov/document/2020-executive-order/03232001/download https://gov.georgia.gov/document/2020-executive-order/04022001/download https://gov.georgia.gov/document/2020-executive-order/03162001/download https://gov.georgia.gov/document/2020-executive-order/03232001/download
Hawaii USA Hawaii 17.03.2020 25.03.2020 19.03.2020 17.03.2020 25.03.2020 not implemented https://governor.hawaii.gov/newsroom/latest-news/proper-use-of-covid-19-tests-imperative-there-is-a-current-shortage-of-hand-sanitizers-and-toilet-paper-in-hawaii-in-part-because-of-the-publics-over-reaction-to-covid-19-the-hawai/ https://hawaiicovid19.com/statewide-stay-at-home-order-effective-march-25-2020-through-april-30-2020/ http://www.hawaiipublicschools.org/ConnectWithUs/MediaRoom/PressReleases/Pages/HIDOE-extends-school-closures-implements-remote-work-to-maintain-essential-functions.aspx https://governor.hawaii.gov/newsroom/latest-news/proper-use-of-covid-19-tests-imperative-there-is-a-current-shortage-of-hand-sanitizers-and-toilet-paper-in-hawaii-in-part-because-of-the-publics-over-reaction-to-covid-19-the-hawai/ https://hawaiicovid19.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/2003162-ATG_Third-Supplementary-Proclamation-for-COVID-19-signed-12.pdf
Idaho USA Idaho full implementation 25.03.2020 23.03.2020 full implementation 25.03.2020 not implemented https://coronavirus.idaho.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/127/2020/04/amended-statewide-stay-home-order_041520.pdf https://coronavirus.idaho.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/127/2020/04/amended-statewide-stay-home-order_041520.pdf https://boardofed.idaho.gov/resources/covid-19-school-operations-guidance/ https://coronavirus.idaho.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/127/2020/04/amended-statewide-stay-home-order_041520.pdf https://coronavirus.idaho.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/127/2020/04/amended-statewide-stay-home-order_041520.pdf
Illinois USA Illinois 13.03.2020 21.03.2020 17.03.2020 16.03.2020 21.03.2020 not implemented https://www2.illinois.gov/Pages/Executive-Orders/ExecutiveOrder2020-04.aspx https://www2.illinois.gov/IISNews/21288-Gov._Pritzker_Stay_at_Home_Order.pdf https://www2.illinois.gov/Documents/ExecOrders/2020/ExecutiveOrder-2020-05.pdf https://www2.illinois.gov/Pages/Executive-Orders/ExecutiveOrder2020-07.aspx https://www2.illinois.gov/Pages/Executive-Orders/ExecutiveOrder2020-10.aspx https://www2.illinois.gov/IISNews/21288-Gov._Pritzker_Stay_at_Home_Order.pdf
Indiana USA Indiana 12.03.2020 25.03.2020 19.03.2020 16.03.2020 24.03.2020 not implemented https://calendar.in.gov/site/gov/event/gov-holcomb-announces-new-steps-to-protect-public-from-covid-19/ https://www.in.gov/gov/files/Executive_Order_20-08_Stay_at_Home.pdf https://www.doe.in.gov/sites/default/files/health/idoe-covid-19-update-3192020.pdf https://www.in.gov/gov/files/ExecutiveOrder20-04FurtherOrdersforPublicHealthEmergency.pdf https://www.in.gov/gov/files/Executive_Order_20-08_Stay_at_Home.pdf
Iowa USA Iowa 17.03.2020 not implemented 04.04.2020 17.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://governor.iowa.gov/sites/default/files/documents/Public%20Health%20Proclamation%20-%202020.03.17.pdf https://governor.iowa.gov/sites/default/files/documents/Public%20Health%20Disaster%20Proclamation%20-%202020.04.02.pdf https://governor.iowa.gov/sites/default/files/documents/Public%20Health%20Proclamation%20-%202020.03.17.pdf
Kansas USA Kansas 17.03.2020 30.03.2020 17.03.2020 not implemented not implemented not implemented https://governor.kansas.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/20-04-Executed.pdf https://governor.kansas.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/EO20-16.pdf https://governor.kansas.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/EO-20-07-Executed.pdf
Kentucky USA Kentucky 19.03.2020 not implemented 20.03.2020 16.03.2020 26.03.2020 not implemented https://governor.ky.gov/attachments/20200319_Order_Mass-Gatherings.pdf https://content.govdelivery.com/accounts/KYDE/bulletins/28181c1 https://governor.ky.gov/attachments/20200316_Order_Restaurant-Closure.pdf https://governor.ky.gov/attachments/20200325_Executive-Order_2020-257_Healthy-at-Home.pdf
Louisiana USA Louisiana 13.03.2020 23.03.2020 16.03.2020 17.03.2020 22.03.2020 not implemented https://gov.louisiana.gov/assets/ExecutiveOrders/27-JBE-2020-COVID-19.pdf https://gov.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/2427 https://gov.louisiana.gov/assets/ExecutiveOrders/27-JBE-2020-COVID-19.pdf https://gov.louisiana.gov/assets/ExecutiveOrders/JBE-EO-30.pdf https://gov.louisiana.gov/assets/Proclamations/2020/JBE-33-2020.pdf
Maine USA Maine 18.03.2020 02.04.2020 16.03.2020 18.03.2020 25.03.2020 not implemented https://www.maine.gov/governor/mills/sites/maine.gov.governor.mills/files/inline-files/Executive%20Order%20to%20Protect%20Public%20Health%20.pdf https://www.maine.gov/governor/mills/sites/maine.gov.governor.mills/files/inline-files/CORRECTED_An%20Order%20Regarding%20Further%20Restrictions%20on%20Public%20Contact%20and%20Movement%2C%20Schools%2C%20Vehicle%20Travel%20and%20Retail%20Business%20Operations.pdf https://www.wmtw.com/article/maine-school-closures-coronavirus-covid19/31619144 https://www.maine.gov/governor/mills/sites/maine.gov.governor.mills/files/inline-files/Executive%20Order%20to%20Protect%20Public%20Health%20.pdf https://www.maine.gov/governor/mills/sites/maine.gov.governor.mills/files/inline-files/An%20Order%20Regarding%20Essential%20Businesses%20and%20Operations%20_0.pdf
Maryland USA Maryland 16.03.2020 30.03.2020 16.03.2020 16.03.2020 23.03.2020 not implemented https://governor.maryland.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Executive-Order-Amending-Large-Gatherings.pdf https://governor.maryland.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Gatherings-FOURTH-AMENDED-3.30.20.pdf http://marylandpublicschools.org/Pages/default.aspx https://governor.maryland.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Executive-Order-Amending-Large-Gatherings.pdf https://governor.maryland.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Gatherings-THIRD-AMENDED-3.23.20.pdf
Massachusetts USA Massachusetts 13.03.2020 not implemented 17.03.2020 17.03.2020 24.03.2020 not implemented https://www.mass.gov/doc/order-prohibiting-gatherings-of-more-than-250-people/download https://www.mass.gov/info-details/covid-19-state-of-emergency https://www.mass.gov/doc/march-16-2020-large-gathering-at-25-people-order/download https://www.mass.gov/doc/march-23-2020-essential-services-and-revised-gatherings-order/download
Michigan USA Michigan 13.03.2020 24.03.2020 16.03.2020 16.03.2020 23.03.2020 not implemented https://www.michigan.gov/whitmer/0,9309,7-387-90499_90705-521595–,00.html https://www.michigan.gov/whitmer/0,9309,7-387-90499_90705-522626–,00.html https://www.michigan.gov/whitmer/0,9309,7-387-90499_90705-521595–,00.html https://www.michigan.gov/whitmer/0,9309,7-387-90499_90705-521789–,00.html https://www.michigan.gov/whitmer/0,9309,7-387-90499_90705-522626–,00.html
Minnesota USA Minnesota 24.03.2020 27.03.2020 18.03.2020 17.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/ExecutiveOrders/1463.pdf https://www.leg.state.mn.us/archive/execorders/20-20.pdf https://education.mn.gov/mde/index.html https://mn.gov/governor/assets/2020_03_16_EO_20_04_Bars_Restaurants_tcm1055-423380.pdf
Mississippi USA Mississippi 24.03.2020 03.04.2020 19.03.2020 24.03.2020 03.04.2020 not implemented https://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/ExecutiveOrders/1463.pdf https://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/ExecutiveOrders/1466.pdf https://www.sos.ms.gov/Pages/Gov–Reeves-Announces-Extended-School-Closures.aspx https://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/ExecutiveOrders/1463.pdf https://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/ExecutiveOrders/1466.pdf
Missouri USA Missouri 23.03.2020 06.04.2020 23.03.2020 23.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://governor.mo.gov/press-releases/archive/governor-parson-directs-dhss-director-require-social-distancing-statewide https://content.govdelivery.com/attachments/MOGOV/2020/04/03/file_attachments/1419322/Stay%20at%20Home%20Missouri%20Order.pdf https://dese.mo.gov/communications/coronavirus-covid-19-information https://governor.mo.gov/press-releases/archive/governor-parson-directs-dhss-director-require-social-distancing-statewide
Montana USA Montana 24.03.2020 26.03.2020 15.03.2020 20.03.2020 26.03.2020 not implemented http://governor.mt.gov/Portals/16/Closure%20Extensions%20and%20Social%20Distancing.pdf?ver=2020-03-24-164313-497 https://covid19.mt.gov/Portals/223/Documents/Stay%20at%20Home%20Directive.pdf?ver=2020-03-26-173332-177 https://news.mt.gov/governor-bullock-directs-the-closure-of-public-k-12-schools-for-two-weeks-strongly-recommends-social-distancing-measures-to-slow-the-spread-of-covid-19 http://governor.mt.gov/Portals/16/Directive%20on%20Bars%20and%20Restaurants.pdf?ver=2020-03-20-101314-937 https://covid19.mt.gov/Portals/223/Documents/Stay%20at%20Home%20Directive.pdf?ver=2020-03-26-173332-177
Nebraska USA Nebraska 16.03.2020 not implemented 02.04.2020 19.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://governor.nebraska.gov/press/gov-ricketts-further-limits-events-gatherings-prevent-covid-19-spread https://www.education.ne.gov/publichealth/known-school-closures/ https://www.dropbox.com/s/sk95elfp6bnefsv/DHM%203.19.2020.pdf?dl=1
Nevada USA Nevada 24.03.2020 31.03.2020 16.03.2020 18.03.2020 21.03.2020 not implemented http://gov.nv.gov/News/Emergency_Orders/2020/2020-03-24_-_COVID-19_Declaration_of_Emergency_Directive_007/ http://gov.nv.gov/News/Emergency_Orders/2020/2020-03-31_-_COVID-19_Declaration_of_Emergency_Directive_010_-_Stay_at_Home_Order/ http://www.doe.nv.gov/uploadedFiles/ndedoenvgov/content/home/DeclarationofEmergencyDirectiveSchools.pdf http://gov.nv.gov/News/Emergency_Orders/2020/2020-03-18_-_COVID-19_Declaration_of_Emergency_Directive_002/ http://gov.nv.gov/News/Emergency_Orders/2020/2020-03-20_-_COVID-19_Declaration_of_Emergency_Directive_003/
New Hampshire USA New Hampshire 16.03.2020 27.03.2020 16.03.2020 16.03.2020 28.03.2020 not implemented https://www.governor.nh.gov/news-media/emergency-orders/documents/emergency-order-2.pdf https://www.governor.nh.gov/news-media/emergency-orders/documents/emergency-order-17-1.pdf https://www.governor.nh.gov/news-media/emergency-orders/ https://www.governor.nh.gov/news-media/emergency-orders/documents/emergency-order-2.pdf https://www.governor.nh.gov/news-media/emergency-orders/documents/emergency-order-17-1.pdf
New Jersey USA New Jersey 16.03.2020 21.03.2020 18.03.2020 16.03.2020 21.03.2020 not implemented https://nj.gov/infobank/eo/056murphy/pdf/EO-104.pdf https://nj.gov/infobank/eo/056murphy/pdf/EO-107.pdf https://nj.gov/infobank/eo/056murphy/pdf/EO-104.pdf https://nj.gov/infobank/eo/056murphy/pdf/EO-104.pdf https://nj.gov/infobank/eo/056murphy/pdf/EO-107.pdf
New Mexico USA New Mexico 12.03.2020 not implemented 13.03.2020 16.03.2020 24.03.2020 not implemented https://www.governor.state.nm.us/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/03.12.20_PublicHealthOrder.pdf https://www.governor.state.nm.us/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Exeuctive-Order-2020-010.pdf https://www.governor.state.nm.us/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/AMENDED-PUBLIC-HEALTH-ORDER.pdf https://www.governor.state.nm.us/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/SIGNED_UPDATED_DOH_PHO.pdf
New York USA New York 12.03.2020 22.03.2020 18.03.2020 16.03.2020 22.03.2020 not implemented https://www.governor.ny.gov/sites/governor.ny.gov/files/atoms/files/EO_202_1.pdf https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/governor-cuomo-signs-new-york-state-pause-executive-order https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/no-2024-continuing-temporary-suspension-and-modification-laws-relating-disaster-emergency https://www.governor.ny.gov/sites/governor.ny.gov/files/atoms/files/EO_202.3.pdf https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/governor-cuomo-signs-new-york-state-pause-executive-order
North Carolina USA North Carolina 14.03.2020 30.03.2020 14.03.2020 17.03.2020 30.03.2020 not implemented https://files.nc.gov/governor/documents/files/EO117-COVID-19-Prohibiting-Mass-Gathering-and-K12-School-Closure.pdf https://files.nc.gov/governor/documents/files/EO121-Stay-at-Home-Order-3.pdf https://drive.google.com/file/d/1dWPbWQxBeWQO5Hzgh2k9miKYehQlj3FN/view https://files.nc.gov/governor/documents/files/EO118.pdf https://files.nc.gov/governor/documents/files/EO121-Stay-at-Home-Order-3.pdf
North Dakota USA North Dakota not implemented not implemented 16.03.2020 20.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://www.governor.nd.gov/sites/www/files/documents/Executive%20Order%202020-04%20COVID-19%20school%20closing.pdf https://www.governor.nd.gov/sites/www/files/documents/executive-orders/Executive%20Order%202020-06.pdf
Ohio USA Ohio 12.03.2020 23.03.2020 16.03.2020 15.03.2020 23.03.2020 not implemented https://coronavirus.ohio.gov/wps/wcm/connect/gov/b815ab52-a571-4e65-9077-32468779671a/ODH+Order+to+Limit+and+Prohibit+Mass+Gatherings%2C+3.12.20.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CONVERT_TO=url&CACHEID=ROOTWORKSPACE.Z18_M1HGGIK0N0JO00QO9DDDDM3000-b815ab52-a571-4e65-9077-32468779671a-n3rr.X. https://coronavirus.ohio.gov/static/DirectorsOrderStayAtHome.pdf https://governor.ohio.gov/wps/portal/gov/governor/media/news-and-media/announces-school-closures https://content.govdelivery.com/attachments/OHOOD/2020/03/15/file_attachments/1401428/Health%20Director%20Order%20Limit%20Food,%20Alcohol%20Sales%20to%20Carry%20Out%20Delivery%20Only.pdf https://content.govdelivery.com/attachments/OHOOD/2020/03/22/file_attachments/1407840/Stay%20Home%20Order.pdf
Oklahoma USA Oklahoma 24.03.2020 not implemented 17.03.2020 full implementation 01.04.2020 not implemented https://www.sos.ok.gov/documents/executive/1919.pdf https://sde.ok.gov/sites/default/files/FAQS%20FOR%20PUBLIC%20SCHOOLS%20-%20COVID-19.pdf https://www.sos.ok.gov/documents/executive/1919.pdf https://www.sos.ok.gov/documents/executive/1919.pdf
Oregon USA Oregon 12.03.2020 23.03.2020 16.03.2020 17.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://www.oregon.gov/gov/Documents/executive_orders/eo_20-05.pdf https://govsite-assets.s3.amazonaws.com/jkAULYKcSh6DoDF8wBM0_EO%2020-12.pdf https://drive.google.com/file/d/1IR5fFOUxLJRDASrvkV-HyZWoi5IHlmXE/view https://www.oregon.gov/gov/Documents/executive_orders/eo_20-07.pdf
Pennsylvania USA Pennsylvania full implementation 01.04.2020 17.03.2020 18.03.2020 23.03.2020 not implemented https://www.governor.pa.gov/newsroom/governor-wolf-and-health-secretary-issue-stay-at-home-orders-to-7-counties-to-mitigate-spread-of-covid-19/ https://www.governor.pa.gov/newsroom/governor-wolf-and-health-secretary-issue-stay-at-home-orders-to-7-counties-to-mitigate-spread-of-covid-19/ https://www.governor.pa.gov/newsroom/gov-wolf-puts-statewide-covid-19-mitigation-efforts-in-effect-stresses-need-for-every-pennsylvanian-to-take-action-to-stop-the-spread/ https://www.media.pa.gov/Pages/Liquor-Control-Board-Details.aspx?newsid=563 https://www.governor.pa.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/20200319-TWW-COVID-19-business-closure-order.pdf
Rhode Island USA Rhode Island 17.03.2020 28.03.2020 16.03.2020 17.03.2020 not implemented not implemented http://www.governor.ri.gov/documents/orders/Executive-Order-20-04.pdf http://www.governor.ri.gov/documents/orders/Executive-Order-20-14.pdf https://www.ride.ri.gov/Portals/0/Uploads/Documents/FAQEnglish.pdf http://www.governor.ri.gov/documents/orders/Executive-Order-20-04.pdf http://www.governor.ri.gov/documents/orders/Executive-Order-20-14.pdf
South Carolina USA South Carolina 18.03.2020 07.04.2020 16.03.2020 18.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://governor.sc.gov/sites/default/files/Documents/Executive-Orders/2020-03-17%20eFILED%20Executive%20Order%20No.%202020-10%20-%20Directing%20Additional%20Emergency%20Measures%20Due%20to%20COVID-19.pdf https://governor.sc.gov/sites/default/files/Documents/Executive-Orders/2020-04-06%20eFILED%20Executive%20Order%20No.%202020-21%20-%20Stay%20at%20Home%20or%20Work%20Order.pdf https://governor.sc.gov/sites/default/files/Documents/Executive-Orders/2020-03-15%20FILED%20Executive%20Order%20No.%202020-09%20-%20Closing%20Schools%20Cancelling%20Elections%20Other%20Provisions%20Due%20to%20COVID-19.pdf https://governor.sc.gov/sites/default/files/Documents/Executive-Orders/2020-03-17%20eFILED%20Executive%20Order%20No.%202020-10%20-%20Directing%20Additional%20Emergency%20Measures%20Due%20to%20COVID-19.pdf https://governor.sc.gov/sites/default/files/Documents/Executive-Orders/2020-03-31%20eFILED%20Executive%20Order%20No.%202020-17%20-%20Closure%20of%20Non-Essential%20Businesses.pdf
South Dakota USA South Dakota 06.04.2020 not implemented 16.03.2020 not implemented not implemented not implemented https://sdsos.gov/general-information/executive-actions/executive-orders/assets/2020-12.PDF https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIjuy-HlICw
Tennessee USA Tennessee 23.03.2020 02.04.2020 20.03.2020 23.03.2020 01.04.2020 not implemented https://sos-tn-gov-files.tnsosfiles.com/forms/exec-order-lee17.pdf https://publications.tnsosfiles.com/pub/execorders/exec-orders-lee23.pdf https://www.tn.gov/governor/news/2020/3/16/governor-lee-issues-statement-regarding-statewide-school-closure.html https://sos-tn-gov-files.tnsosfiles.com/forms/exec-order-lee17.pdf https://publications.tnsosfiles.com/pub/execorders/exec-orders-lee22.pdf
Texas USA Texas 21.03.2020 02.04.2020 19.03.2020 21.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://gov.texas.gov/uploads/files/press/EO-GA_08_COVID-19_preparedness_and_mitigation_FINAL_03-19-2020_1.pdf https://gov.texas.gov/news/post/governor-abbott-issues-executive-order-implementing-essential-services-and-activities-protocols https://gov.texas.gov/uploads/files/press/EO-GA_08_COVID-19_preparedness_and_mitigation_FINAL_03-19-2020_1.pdf https://gov.texas.gov/uploads/files/press/EO-GA_08_COVID-19_preparedness_and_mitigation_FINAL_03-19-2020_1.pdf
Utah USA Utah 19.03.2020 not implemented 16.03.2020 19.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://coronavirus.utah.gov/wp-content/uploads/Restaurant-Pub-Hlth-Order-1.pdf https://rules.utah.gov/wp-content/uploads/Governors_Coronavirus_Directive_for_Utah.pdf https://governor.utah.gov/2020/03/13/gov-herbert-announces-two-week-dismissal-of-utahs-public-schools/ https://coronavirus.utah.gov/wp-content/uploads/Restaurant-Pub-Hlth-Order-1.pdf https://rules.utah.gov/wp-content/uploads/Governors_Coronavirus_Directive_for_Utah.pdf
Vermont USA Vermont 13.03.2020 24.03.2020 18.03.2020 17.03.2020 25.03.2020 not implemented https://governor.vermont.gov/sites/scott/files/documents/EO%2001-20%20Declaration%20of%20State%20of%20Emergency%20in%20Response%20to%20COVID-19%20and%20National%20Guard%20Call-Out.pdf https://governor.vermont.gov/sites/scott/files/documents/ADDENDUM%206%20TO%20EXECUTIVE%20ORDER%2001-20.pdf https://governor.vermont.gov/press-release/gov-scott-orders-orderly-closure-vermont-prek-12-schools-week https://governor.vermont.gov/sites/scott/files/documents/ADDENDUM%202%20TO%20EXECUTIVE%20ORDER%2001-20_0.pdf https://governor.vermont.gov/sites/scott/files/documents/ADDENDUM%206%20TO%20EXECUTIVE%20ORDER%2001-20.pdf
Virginia USA Virginia 24.03.2020 30.03.2020 16.03.2020 17.03.2020 24.03.2020 not implemented https://www.governor.virginia.gov/media/governorvirginiagov/executive-actions/EO-53-Temporary-Restrictions-Due-To-Novel-Coronavirus-(COVID-19).pdf https://www.governor.virginia.gov/media/governorvirginiagov/executive-actions/EO-55-Temporary-Stay-at-Home-Order-Due-to-Novel-Coronavirus-(COVID-19).pdf https://www.governor.virginia.gov/newsroom/all-releases/2020/march/headline-854442-en.html https://www.governor.virginia.gov/media/governorvirginiagov/executive-actions/EO-53-Temporary-Restrictions-Due-To-Novel-Coronavirus-(COVID-19).pdf https://www.governor.virginia.gov/media/governorvirginiagov/executive-actions/EO-53-Temporary-Restrictions-Due-To-Novel-Coronavirus-(COVID-19).pdf
Washington USA Washington 11.03.2020 23.03.2020 13.03.2020 16.03.2020 25.03.2020 not implemented https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/20-07%20Coronavirus%20%28tmp%29.pdf Complete sub-location set Complete sub-location set https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-13%20Coronavirus%20Restaurants-Bars%20%28tmp%29.pdf cumulative of the State
Life Care Center, Kirkland, WA USA Washington 11.03.2020 17.03.2020 11.03.2020 16.03.2020 25.03.2020 17.03.2020 https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/20-07%20Coronavirus%20%28tmp%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-16%20Coronavirus%20No%20visitors%20LTC%20%28tmp%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-08%20Coronavirus%20%28tmp%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-13%20Coronavirus%20Restaurants-Bars%20%28tmp%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-25%20Coronovirus%20Stay%20Safe-Stay%20Healthy%20%28tmp%29%20%28002%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-16%20Coronavirus%20No%20visitors%20LTC%20%28tmp%29.pdf
Other Counties, WA USA Washington 11.03.2020 23.03.2020 13.03.2020 16.03.2020 25.03.2020 not implemented https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/20-07%20Coronavirus%20%28tmp%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-25%20Coronovirus%20Stay%20Safe-Stay%20Healthy%20%28tmp%29%20%28002%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/news-media/inslee-announces-statewide-school-closures-expansion-limits-large-gatherings https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-13%20Coronavirus%20Restaurants-Bars%20%28tmp%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-25%20Coronovirus%20Stay%20Safe-Stay%20Healthy%20%28tmp%29%20%28002%29.pdf
King and Snohomish Counties (excluding Life Care Center), WA USA Washington 11.03.2020 23.03.2020 11.03.2020 16.03.2020 25.03.2020 not implemented https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/20-07%20Coronavirus%20%28tmp%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-25%20Coronovirus%20Stay%20Safe-Stay%20Healthy%20%28tmp%29%20%28002%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-08%20Coronavirus%20%28tmp%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-13%20Coronavirus%20Restaurants-Bars%20%28tmp%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-25%20Coronovirus%20Stay%20Safe-Stay%20Healthy%20%28tmp%29%20%28002%29.pdf
USA Washington 11.03.2020 17.03.2020 11.03.2020 16.03.2020 25.03.2020 not implemented https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/20-07%20Coronavirus%20%28tmp%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-16%20Coronavirus%20No%20visitors%20LTC%20%28tmp%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-08%20Coronavirus%20%28tmp%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-13%20Coronavirus%20Restaurants-Bars%20%28tmp%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-25%20Coronovirus%20Stay%20Safe-Stay%20Healthy%20%28tmp%29%20%28002%29.pdf https://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-16%20Coronavirus%20No%20visitors%20LTC%20%28tmp%29.pdf
West Virginia USA West Virginia 24.03.2020 25.03.2020 14.03.2020 18.03.2020 24.03.2020 not implemented https://www.wvinsurance.gov/Portals/0/pdf/pressrelease/WVStayHomeOrder.pdf?ver=2020-03-23-152606-773 https://www.wvinsurance.gov/Portals/0/pdf/pressrelease/WVStayHomeOrder.pdf?ver=2020-03-23-152606-773 https://governor.wv.gov/News/press-releases/2020/Pages/COVID-19-UPDATE-Gov.-Justice,-Department-of-Education-issue-updated-guidance-on-school-closures-in-West-Virginia.aspx https://governor.wv.gov/Documents/2020%20Executive%20Orders/Executive-Order-March-18-2020.pdf https://www.wvinsurance.gov/Portals/0/pdf/pressrelease/WVStayHomeOrder.pdf?ver=2020-03-23-152606-773
Wisconsin USA Wisconsin 17.03.2020 25.03.2020 18.03.2020 17.03.2020 25.03.2020 not implemented https://content.govdelivery.com/accounts/WIGOV/bulletins/2817964 https://content.govdelivery.com/attachments/WIGOV/2020/03/24/file_attachments/1409408/Health%20Order%20%2312%20Safer%20At%20Home.pdf https://evers.wi.gov/Documents/COVID19/K-12FAQ_3.15.20.pdf https://evers.wi.gov/Documents/COVID19/UPDATEDOrder10People.pdf https://content.govdelivery.com/attachments/WIGOV/2020/03/24/file_attachments/1409408/Health%20Order%20%2312%20Safer%20At%20Home.pdf
Wyoming USA Wyoming 20.03.2020 not implemented 19.03.2020 19.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://health.wyo.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/March-20-gatherings-order.pdf https://drive.google.com/file/d/1IXTw20VFlybIgBVBRaYvRVWnBAdpsvyk/view https://drive.google.com/file/d/1IXTw20VFlybIgBVBRaYvRVWnBAdpsvyk/view
District of Columbia USA District of Columbia 13.03.2020 30.03.2020 16.03.2020 16.03.2020 25.03.2020 not implemented https://coronavirus.dc.gov/sites/default/files/dc/sites/coronavirus/release_content/attachments/DOH_Rulemaking_Mass-Gatherings.pdf https://coronavirus.dc.gov/stayhome https://dcps.dc.gov/coronavirus#latest https://mayor.dc.gov/sites/default/files/dc/sites/mayormb/publication/attachments/MO-Prohibition-on-Mass-Gatherings-During-Public-Health-Emergency.pdf https://mayor.dc.gov/sites/default/files/dc/sites/mayormb/release_content/attachments/Mayor%27s%20Order%202020-053%20Closure%20of%20Non-Essential%20Businesses%20and%20Prohibiti….pdf
Abruzzo Italy Abruzzo full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Basilicata Italy Basilicata full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Provincia autonoma di Bolzano Italy P.A. Bolzano full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Calabria Italy Calabria full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Campania Italy Campania full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Emilia-Romagna Italy Emilia Romagna 07.03.2020 11.03.2020 01.03.2020 07.03.2020 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51787238 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-firmato-il-dpcm-1-marzo-2020/14210 https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51787238 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Friuli-Venezia Giulia Italy Friuli Venezia Giulia full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Lazio Italy Lazio full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Liguria Italy Liguria full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Lombardia Italy Lombardia 22.02.2020 08.03.2020 01.03.2020 22.02.2020 08.03.2020 08.03.2020 https://milano.repubblica.it/cronaca/2020/02/21/news/coronavirus_codogno_castiglione_d_adda_contagiati_misure_sicurezza-249154447/ https://www.gazzettaufficiale.it/eli/id/2020/03/08/20A01522/sg http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-firmato-il-dpcm-1-marzo-2020/14210 https://milano.repubblica.it/cronaca/2020/02/21/news/coronavirus_codogno_castiglione_d_adda_contagiati_misure_sicurezza-249154447/ https://www.gazzettaufficiale.it/eli/id/2020/03/08/20A01522/sg https://www.gazzettaufficiale.it/eli/id/2020/03/08/20A01522/sg
Marche Italy Marche 07.03.2020 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 07.03.2020 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51787238 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51787238 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Molise Italy Molise full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Piemonte Italy Piemonte 07.03.2020 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 07.03.2020 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51787238 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51787238 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Puglia Italy Puglia full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Sardegna Italy Sardegna full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Sicilia Italy Sicilia full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Toscana Italy Toscana full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Provincia autonoma di Trento Italy P.A. Trento full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Umbria Italy Umbria full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Valle d'Aosta Italy Valle d'Aosta full implementation 11.03.2020 05.03.2020 full implementation 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 https://www.miur.gov.it/web/guest/-/coronavirus-azzolina-attivita-didattiche-sospese-fino-al-15-marzo http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Veneto Italy Veneto 22.02.2020 11.03.2020 01.03.2020 22.02.2020 11.03.2020 22.03.2020 https://milano.repubblica.it/cronaca/2020/02/21/news/coronavirus_codogno_castiglione_d_adda_contagiati_misure_sicurezza-249154447/ http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-firmato-il-dpcm-1-marzo-2020/14210 https://milano.repubblica.it/cronaca/2020/02/21/news/coronavirus_codogno_castiglione_d_adda_contagiati_misure_sicurezza-249154447/ http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/coronavirus-conte-firma-il-dpcm-11-marzo-2020/14299 http://www.trovanorme.salute.gov.it/norme/dettaglioAtto?id=73728
Austria Austria 10.03.2020 16.03.2020 16.03.2020 full implementation 16.03.2020 not implemented https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.ots.at/presseaussendung/OTS_20200316_OTS0057/anschober-die-naechsten-vier-wochen-entscheiden-ueber-die-groesste-gesundheitskrise-der-letzten-jahrzehnte https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-austria/austria-closing-schools-over-coronavirus-as-border-checks-take-effect-idUSKBN20Y2YC https://www.ots.at/presseaussendung/OTS_20200316_OTS0057/anschober-die-naechsten-vier-wochen-entscheiden-ueber-die-groesste-gesundheitskrise-der-letzten-jahrzehnte https://www.ots.at/presseaussendung/OTS_20200316_OTS0057/anschober-die-naechsten-vier-wochen-entscheiden-ueber-die-groesste-gesundheitskrise-der-letzten-jahrzehnte
Finland Finland 12.03.2020 not implemented 18.03.2020 18.03.2020 04.04.2020 25.03.2020 https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://yle.fi/uutiset/osasto/news/finland_closes_schools_declares_state_of_emergency_over_coronavirus/11260062 https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://vnk.fi/en/article/-/asset_publisher/ravitsemisliikkeiden-toimintaa-rajoitetaan-ja-valmiuslain-mukaisia-toimivaltuuksia-jatketaan https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-finland/finland-restricts-movement-to-and-from-capital-region-to-reduce-coronavirus-spread-idUSKBN21C3HX
Sweden Sweden 11.03.2020 not implemented not implemented not implemented not implemented not implemented https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.government.se/articles/2020/03/the-governments-work-in-the-area-of-education-in-response-to-the-coronavirus/ https://www.government.se/press-releases/2020/04/the-ministry-for-foreign-affairs-advises-against-travel-to-all-countries-up-to-15-june-2020/
Portugal Portugal full implementation 19.03.2020 16.03.2020 16.03.2020 19.03.2020 09.04.2020 https://www.politico.eu/article/portugal-quarantine-measures-coronavirus-covid19-antonio-costa-shutdown-state-of-emergency/ https://www.politico.eu/article/portugal-quarantine-measures-coronavirus-covid19-antonio-costa-shutdown-state-of-emergency/ https://dre.pt/home/-/dre/130243053/details/maximized https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.politico.eu/article/portugal-quarantine-measures-coronavirus-covid19-antonio-costa-shutdown-state-of-emergency/ https://www.portugal.gov.pt/pt/gc22/comunicacao/noticia?i=governo-limita-circulacao-intermunicipal-no-periodo-da-pascoa
Croatia Croatia 09.03.2020 17.03.2020 16.03.2020 full implementation 19.03.2020 23.03.2020 https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.hzjz.hr/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/letak_samoizolacija.pdf https://www.vecernji.hr/vijesti/plenkovic-hrvatska-i-svijet-u-ratu-su-protiv-virusa-i-panike-1385524 https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-croatia/croatia-closes-most-services-shops-fighting-coronavirus-idUSKBN21538C; https://vlada.gov.hr/UserDocsImages//Vijesti/2020/03%20o%C5%BEujak/18%20o%C5%BEujka//Odluka%20-%20mjere%20ograni%C4%8Davanja%20dru%C5%A1tvenih%20okupljanja,%20rada%20trgovina.pdf https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-croatia/croatia-closes-most-services-shops-fighting-coronavirus-idUSKBN21538C; https://vlada.gov.hr/UserDocsImages//Vijesti/2020/03%20o%C5%BEujak/18%20o%C5%BEujka//Odluka%20-%20mjere%20ograni%C4%8Davanja%20dru%C5%A1tvenih%20okupljanja,%20rada%20trgovina.pdf https://hr.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information-2/
Netherlands Netherlands 10.03.2020 not implemented 15.03.2020 12.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coroavirus-netherlands/netherlands-to-close-schools-restaurants-in-coronavirus-fight-idUSKBN2120KG https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx
Belgium Belgium 13.03.2020 18.03.2020 14.03.2020 13.03.2020 18.03.2020 not implemented https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.belgium.be/en/news/2020/coronavirus_reinforced_measures https://www.belgium.be/en/news/2020/coronavirus_phase_2_maintained_transition_federal_phase_and_additional_measures https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.belgium.be/en/news/2020/coronavirus_reinforced_measures
Slovakia Slovakia 12.03.2020 not implemented 12.03.2020 full implementation 16.03.2020 08.04.2020 http://www.uvzsr.sk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=4082:informacia-k-zakazu-organizova-anusporaduva-hromadne-podujatia-portovej-kulturnej-spoloenskej-i-inej-povahy&catid=250:koronavirus-2019-ncov&Itemid=153 https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-slovakia/slovakia-closes-schools-stops-international-travel-to-battle-coronavirus-idUSKBN20Z20R https://spectator.sme.sk/c/22359303/new-measures-national-emergency-and-further-limits-to-business.html https://spectator.sme.sk/c/22359303/new-measures-national-emergency-and-further-limits-to-business.html https://spectator.sme.sk/c/22378841/slovakia-to-fine-people-for-non-essential-easter-travels.html
Lithuania Lithuania full implementation 15.03.2020 16.03.2020 14.03.2020 15.03.2020 not implemented https://www.lrt.lt/naujienos/lietuvoje/2/1151427/skvernelis-pranese-kad-sestadieni-bus-priimtas-sprendimas-del-karantino-salies-mastu https://www.lrt.lt/naujienos/lietuvoje/2/1151427/skvernelis-pranese-kad-sestadieni-bus-priimtas-sprendimas-del-karantino-salies-mastu http://lrv.lt/lt/naujienos/visoje-lietuvoje-del-koronaviruso-dviem-savaitems-uzdaromos-svietimo-istaigos https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.lrt.lt/naujienos/lietuvoje/2/1151427/skvernelis-pranese-kad-sestadieni-bus-priimtas-sprendimas-del-karantino-salies-mastu
Latvia Latvia 13.03.2020 not implemented 12.03.2020 not implemented not implemented not implemented https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-lithuania/lithuania-and-latvia-close-schools-ban-large-public-gatherings-over-coronavirus-idUSKBN20Z25W
Estonia Estonia 13.03.2020 not implemented 16.03.2020 13.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://news.err.ee/1063224/estonian-government-declares-emergency-situation-against-coronavirus https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-estonia/estonia-closes-schools-bans-public-events-over-coronavirus-idUSKBN2100RQ https://news.err.ee/1063224/estonian-government-declares-emergency-situation-against-coronavirus
Poland Poland 10.03.2020 24.03.2020 12.03.2020 31.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://zdrowie.trojmiasto.pl/Odwolano-wszystkie-imprezy-masowe-n143077.html https://www.premier.gov.pl/en/news/news/prime-minister-in-the-battle-against-the-coronavirus-we-must-reduce-our-mobility-to-an.html https://www.premier.gov.pl/en/news/news/prime-minister-we-have-decided-to-close-all-educational-institutions-and-universities.html
Czechia Czechia 10.03.2020 16.03.2020 10.03.2020 10.03.2020 14.03.2020 not implemented https://www.mzcr.cz/dokumenty/mimoradna-opatreni-ministerstva-zdravotnictvi-zakazuji-konani-hromadnych-akci-na_18698_4107_1.html https://www.vlada.cz/cz/media-centrum/aktualne/rozoceni-vlady-o-zakazu-volneho-pohybu-osob-180358/ https://www.vlada.cz/en/media-centrum/aktualne/due-to-the-spread-of-coronavirus–the-government-has-banned-cultural–sporting-and-social-events-involving-over-100-people–schools-are-to-be-closed-180201/ https://www.mzcr.cz/dokumenty/mimoradna-opatreni-ministerstva-zdravotnictvi-zakazuji-konani-hromadnych-akci-na_18698_4107_1.html https://www.vlada.cz/en/media-centrum/aktualne/the-government-is-strengthening-preventive-measures-in-relation-to-the-coronavirus–closing-shops-and-restaurants-to-the-public-for-ten-days-180337/
Slovenia Slovenia 12.03.2020 20.03.2020 16.03.2020 full implementation 15.03.2020 16.03.2020 https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.gov.si/en/news/2020-03-19-ordinance-on-the-temporary-prohibition-of-public-gathering-at-public-meetings-and-public-events-and-other-events-in-public-places-in-the-republic-of-slovenia/ https://www.gov.si/en/news/2020-03-12-slovenia-to-declare-an-epidemic-and-temporarily-close-kindergartens-and-schools/ https://www.gov.si/en/news/2020-03-15-decisions-adopted-by-the-government-to-contain-covid-19-epidemic/ https://www.gov.si/en/news/2020-03-15-decisions-adopted-by-the-government-to-contain-covid-19-epidemic/ https://www.gov.si/en/news/2020-03-15-the-government-adopts-an-ordinance-on-the-temporary-ban-and-restrictions-on-public-transport-of-passengers-in-the-republic-of-slovenia/
Denmark Denmark 18.03.2020 not implemented 16.03.2020 18.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-denmark/denmark-extends-coronavirus-lockdown-until-april-13-idUSKBN21A2DV https://politi.dk/coronavirus-i-danmark/in-english/new-measures-against-covid-19 https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/politik/faa-overblikket-over-de-nye-corona-tiltag-se-hvad-du-ikke-maa-fra-i-dag-klokken-10 https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/denmark/livinghit.aspx?Section=1.2%20Physical%20distancing&Type=Section
Norway Norway 12.03.2020 not implemented 12.03.2020 12.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://www.helsedirektoratet.no/nyheter/the-norwegian-directorate-of-health-has-issued-a-decision-to-close-schools-and-other-educational-institutions https://helsenorge.no/koronavirus/barnehager-og-skoler https://www.helsedirektoratet.no/nyheter/the-norwegian-directorate-of-health-has-issued-a-decision-to-close-schools-and-other-educational-institutions
Switzerland Switzerland 28.02.2020 not implemented 13.03.2020 full implementation 16.03.2020 not implemented https://www.admin.ch/gov/en/start/documentation/media-releases.msg-id-78289.html https://www.admin.ch/gov/de/start/dokumentation/medienmitteilungen.msg-id-78437.html https://www.bag.admin.ch/bag/en/home/krankheiten/ausbrueche-epidemien-pandemien/aktuelle-ausbrueche-epidemien/novel-cov/massnahmen-des-bundes.html https://www.bag.admin.ch/bag/en/home/krankheiten/ausbrueche-epidemien-pandemien/aktuelle-ausbrueche-epidemien/novel-cov/massnahmen-des-bundes.html https://www.bsg.ox.ac.uk/research/publications/variation-government-responses-covid-19
Hungary Hungary 12.03.2020 28.03.2020 16.03.2020 12.03.2020 16.03.2020 not implemented https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://koronavirus.gov.hu/cikkek/megjelent-kijarasi-korlatozasrol-szolo-rendelet https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/12/how-do-coronavirus-containment-measures-vary-across-europe https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-bulgaria-emergency/bulgaria-closes-schools-restricts-travel-over-coronavirus-idUSKBN21015D
Bulgaria Bulgaria 13.03.2020 17.03.2020 13.03.2020 full implementation 13.03.2020 21.03.2020 https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-bulgaria-emergency/bulgaria-closes-schools-restricts-travel-over-coronavirus-idUSKBN21015D https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/bulgaria/countrypage.aspx https://dv.parliament.bg/DVWeb/showMaterialDV.jsp?idMat=147150 https://dv.parliament.bg/DVWeb/showMaterialDV.jsp?idMat=147150 https://dv.parliament.bg/DVWeb/showMaterialDV.jsp?idMat=147150 https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/bulgaria/countrypage.aspx
Romania Romania 06.03.2020 23.03.2020 11.03.2020 full implementation 21.03.2020 not implemented https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://stirioficiale.ro/hotarari/ordonanta-militara-nr-3-din-24-03-2020-privind-masuri-de-prevenire-a-raspandirii-covid-19 https://www.bsg.ox.ac.uk/research/publications/variation-government-responses-covid-19 https://stirioficiale.ro/hotarari/ordonanta-militara-nr-2-din-21-03-2020-privind-masuri-de-prevenire-a-raspandirii-covid-19 https://stirioficiale.ro/hotarari/ordonanta-militara-nr-2-din-21-03-2020-privind-masuri-de-prevenire-a-raspandirii-covid-19 https://www.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-romania/romania-imposes-curfew-to-slow-coronavirus-spread-idUSL8N2BE0XD
Greece Greece 08.03.2020 23.03.2020 11.03.2020 12.03.2020 22.03.2020 23.03.2020 https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-03-22/greece-to-impose-lockdown-to-contain-spread-of-coronavirus https://www.minedu.gov.gr/publications/docs2020/20200312_%CE%95%CF%80%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%B7%CC%81-%CE%9F%CE%B4%CE%B7%CE%B3%CE%B9%CC%81%CE%B5%CF%82_%CE%B3%CE%B9%CE%B1_%CE%BA%CE%BF%CF%81%CF%89%CE%BD%CE%BF%CE%B9%CC%88%CE%BF%CC%81_%CE%91%CE%95%CE%99_12-3-2020.pdf https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/greece/livinghit.aspx?Section=1.2%20Physical%20distancing&Type=Section https://forma.gov.gr/docs/faq-lockdown-en.pdf
Luxembourg Luxembourg 13.03.2020 not implemented 16.03.2020 full implementation 18.03.2020 not implemented https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://msan.gouvernement.lu/en/actualites.gouvernement%2Ben%2Bactualites%2Btoutes_actualites%2Bcommuniques%2B2020%2B03-mars%2B17-declaration-premier-chd.html https://msan.gouvernement.lu/en/actualites.gouvernement%2Ben%2Bactualites%2Btoutes_actualites%2Bcommuniques%2B2020%2B03-mars%2B12-cdg-extraordinaire-coronavirus.html https://coronavirus.gouvernement.lu/en/communications-officielles.gouvernement%2Ben%2Bactualites%2Btoutes_actualites%2Bcommuniques%2B2020%2B03-mars%2B15-nouvelles-mesures-coronavirus.html https://coronavirus.gouvernement.lu/en/communications-officielles.gouvernement%2Ben%2Bactualites%2Btoutes_actualites%2Bcommuniques%2B2020%2B03-mars%2B15-nouvelles-mesures-coronavirus.html
United Kingdom United Kingdom full implementation 23.03.2020 23.03.2020 20.03.2020 24.03.2020 not implemented https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/23/uk/uk-coronavirus-lockdown-gbr-intl/index.html https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/23/uk/uk-coronavirus-lockdown-gbr-intl/index.html https://www.bsg.ox.ac.uk/research/publications/variation-government-responses-covid-19 https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx
Ireland Ireland 12.03.2020 27.03.2020 12.03.2020 15.03.2020 24.03.2020 not implemented https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/27/stay-home-varadkar-urges-irish-in-drastic-lockdown https://www.gov.ie/en/speech/5a280b-statement-by-an-taoiseach-on-measures-to-tackle-covid-19-washington/ https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/mainpage.aspx https://www.gov.ie/en/news/d162df-speech-of-an-taoiseach-leo-varadkar-td-post-cabinet-statement-tuesda/
Malta Malta not implemented not implemented 13.03.2020 17.03.2020 23.03.2020 not implemented https://timesofmalta.com/articles/view/coronavirus-schools-childcare-centres-university-to-shut-down-for-a.777521 https://lovinmalta.com/news/news-breaking/breaking-malta-to-close-all-bars-restaurants-and-gyms-from-tomorrow/ https://www.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-malta/malta-closes-all-non-essential-shops-services-as-coronavirus-cases-rise-idUSL8N2BF0OA
Cyprus Cyprus full implementation 24.03.2020 13.03.2020 full implementation 24.03.2020 not implemented https://www.pio.gov.cy/coronavirus/diat/10en.pdf https://www.pio.gov.cy/coronavirus/diat/10en.pdf https://in-cyprus.philenews.com/coronavirus-all-schools-in-cyprus-to-close-for-one-week/ https://www.pio.gov.cy/coronavirus/diat/10en.pdf https://www.pio.gov.cy/coronavirus/diat/10en.pdf
Iceland Iceland 16.03.2020 not implemented 16.03.2020 24.03.2020 not implemented not implemented https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-iceland/iceland-restricts-public-gatherings-closes-schools-idUSKBN21029I https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-iceland/iceland-restricts-public-gatherings-closes-schools-idUSKBN21029I https://www.ruv.is/frett/hert-samkomubann-ekki-fleiri-en-20-mega-koma-saman
view raw sdc_sources.csv hosted with ❤ by GitHub
Supplementary Information: Timing of implementation and references for social distance measures by location

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Hospital data potentially relevant to COVID-19

In the same spirit of my last post, here is a notebook I developed to extract information on hospital capacity from the Form 2552-10 that hospitals file regularly with Medicare. If you know how to get this information from somewhere else, know how to tangle with this data better, or know other things about it that you think I should know… please let me know!

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https://gist.github.com/aflaxman/04dd42067df8df5e9976bfb11edd3130

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Nursing home data potentially relevant to COVID-19 outbreak in King County

I have recently started helping out with some computer modeling efforts to support outbreak response, and I’m learning that there are a lot of projects already underway. To learn from others, and also to perhaps be helpful to people who I don’t know who are also working on this, I’m posting this write-up of an estimate I just produced: estimates of the number of people in nursing homes by age-group and facility.

As you may know, many of the deaths so far in the COVID-19 outbreak have been among people who were in nursing homes (28 out of 37, as of March 3, 2020). How many people are in nursing homes? And, since age seems to be an important determinant of disease severity, how old are they? I used open sources to make estimates for all nursing facilities in Washington State. If this is useful to you, great! And if you know how to do this better, please let me know!

Here is a csv file you can use if you are doing disease modeling. I’ve put a Jupyter Notebook with all the code to derive these estimates on the web, and below I have collected some details on the potential data sources that this and other future estimates might use.

Medicare Minimum Data Set (MDS) 3.0

Medicare collects quality improvement data regularly from all skilled nursing facilities, and publishes summaries from this “Minimum Data Set (MDS) 3.0” exercise.  You can find some information about it online: https://www.cms.gov/Research-Statistics-Data-and-Systems/Computer-Data-and-Systems/Minimum-Data-Set-3-0-Public-Reports/Minimum-Data-Set-3-0-Frequency-Report

MDS provides data in 10-year age groups, but the data on the web gives only state-level values:

State0-3031-6465-7475-8485-95> 95State Total
Alabama0.80%17.31%21.98%28.87%27.16%3.88%23416
       
Washington0.36%15.82%23.15%28.52%27.47%4.68%16323
West Virginia0.18%15.25%20.43%29.77%30.16%4.21%9624
Wisconsin0.23%10.93%18.18%27.66%36.02%6.98%22206
Wyoming0.13%10.20%17.62%29.22%36.31%6.53%2344
NATIONAL TOTAL0.53%16.26%20.39%27.54%30.18%5.10%1369853

Can we get more detail? This url (https://www.resdac.org/cms-data/files/mds-3.0) seems like it would have the full data file somewhere, but I was not able to locate it.

Decennial Census Summary File One (SF1)

There is also data with fine geographic precision available from the decennial census.  The “Summary File One (SF1)” includes tables on the number of people living in skilled nursing facilities in each census block. This is available at the county and MSA level, stratified by sex and 5-year age groups (top coded at 85+), but it is now 10 years out of date, so perhaps it is not that useful.  https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_SF1_PCO5&prodType=table

SF1 PCO5 fractions in King County Nursing Homes (2010)
0-294036.7%
30-6486214.3%
65-7468511.4%
75-84144224.0%
85+262143.6%
Total6013100.0%

It does have the sex ratio, maybe that is useful.  MDS must have that, too, though. It is also available at the census block level, stratified by sex and broad age groups (<18, 22-64, 69+, if I’m reading it correctly).

Washington Aging and Long-Term Support Administration (ALTSA)

https://www.dshs.wa.gov/altsa/management-services-division/nursing-facility-rates-and-reports

This state agency maintains a list of nursing homes in Washington State, and has bed counts for each nursing home. It does not provide an age breakdown, though.  It puts WA State capacity at 19,332 beds.

ALTSA and MDS together show WA State is using 84% of available beds in nursing homes.

Model

It seems a bit grandiose to call this a statistical model, although I think it is technically accurate to say that I have used a “first-order log-linear model” to estimate the number of individuals in nursing homes by facility and by age group.  The formula is the following, where N(age, facility) is the number of individuals in a given age group and a given facility:

N(age, facility) = total number * age share * facility share

Conclusion

For convenience, here is a link to the csv file that I produced with this approach, and here is a link to the Jupyter Notebook with all the code to derive these estimates from open sources.  If you know how to make estimates like this that are more accurate, please let me know!

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Value of Privacy in Census Data (Holocaust Remembrance Day edition)

In October of 2019, the Harvard Data Science Review hosted two workshop sessions on Differential Privacy in the 2020 Census. I watched it remotely, and I thought it was interesting, but I don’t remember anything really surprising being presented. Simson Garfinkel from Census Bureau asked a question towards the end that stuck with me, though.  Can people who advocate for privacy protection in census data do some sort of cost-benefit analyses to quantify the value of an imprecise census?

I don’t know of any work which has presented such an analysis explicitly.  But I did read a chapter in a history book that struck me as relevant.  It is a bit heavy, so I have never before thought it was appropriate to push into the conversation.  But today is Holocaust Remembrance Day, so if not today, well…

The history book is IBM and the Holocaust by Edwin Black.  The chapter is “France and Holland” and these two countries, both occupied by Nazis, are the paired comparison for valuing census privacy. Black writes, “German intentions in both countries were nearly identical and unfolded in a similar sequence throughout the war years.  But everything about the occupation of these lands and their involvement with Hitler’s Holleriths was very different. For the Jews of these two nations, their destinies would also be quite different.”

In Holland, the Nazis found a census director who, although not an anti-Semite, loved tallying population metrics to the exclusion of considering their possible effects on populations.  “Theoretically,” he wrote, “the collection of data for each person can be so abundant and complete, that we can finally speak of a paper human representing the natural human.” He was tasked to create a registry of Dutch Jews for the Nazi occupiers, “[t]he registry much [contain] age, profession, and gender … [and] the category (Jew, Mixed I, Mixed II) to which the registered belongs.” It was not an easy task, but the Dutch census workers succeeded, and, as the director wrote, “the census office was able to contribute ways and means of carrying out its often difficult task.” (All quotes from Black.)

In France, the Nazis thought things were proceeding similarly. But there, the census director was Rene Carmille, and he was also a secret agent with the French Resistance.  Charged with creating a registry like that in Holland, he employed sabotage: making tabulations slowly, damaging punch card machinery to prevent recording of Jewish ethnic category, and other heroic acts of sabotage. Carmille’s loyalty to the resistance was discovered by the Nazis when he used his registry to organize resistance combat units in Algeria. As Black puts it, “the holes were never punched, the answers were never tabulated.  More than 100,000 cards of Jews sitting in his office – never handed over. He foiled the entire enterprise.”

The chapter ends with quantitative outcomes. In Holland, Nazis murdered more than 70% of the Jews.  In France, less than 25%. Is it too much to conclude that the lack of precise census data saved 45 of every 100 Jews of occupied France? 135,000 total deaths averted.

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Convex optimization in Python: Non-negative least squares with Pyomo and Ipopt

Last month I attended a CNSTAT workshop https://sites.nationalacademies.org/DBASSE/CNSTAT/DBASSE_196518 on differentially private (DP) census data and left thinking that I need to get more hands-on experience with non-negative least squares optimization.

In the DP approach to disclosure avoidance that Census Bureau is planning, there is a “post-processing” step that improves the acceptability of imprecise DP counts of the number of individuals in a subgroup, like the voting age males who are non-Hispanic whites in King County census tract 89 http://ihmeuw.org/50cg. This improvement relies on non-negative least squares optimization. It finds fractional counts that sum to a known control total, that are not negative, and that minimize the sum of squared differences between these optimized counts and the DP imprecise counts. Sam Petti and I wrote out the details here, https://gatesopenresearch.org/articles/3-1722/v1 if you want to know more about this.

This blog is not about the DP details, but about how, in practice, I might try doing this sort of optimization. As anyone who has a PhD in Algorithms, Combinatorics, and Optimization can tell you, this sort of constrained convex optimization can be computed efficiently, meaning in time that scales like a polynomial function of the size of the instance. But when I was leaving graduate school, good luck if you wanted to actually solve a specific instance.

So I am quite pleased now to see how open-source software is making it possible today.

Ipopt https://github.com/coin-or/Ipopt#ipopt is an open-source interior point solver that can handle a quadratic objective function with linear equality and inequality constraints. My colleague Brad Bell has been a far of it for a decade, but until now I’ve just used it indirectly through his code.

Pyomo https://github.com/Pyomo/pyomo#pyomo-overview is a pythonic interface for many optimization solvers, including Ipopt, and now that I want to do something without Brad’s help, I’m glad to have it.

Here is a stripped down version of the optimization I want to do

\min \left\{ \sum_{i=1}^I (x_i - c_i)^2 : x_i \geq 0, \sum_{i=1}^I x_i = C\right\}

I’m completely dedicated to the Anaconda python distribution at this point (as setup and used in Software Carpentry), and if you are using this approach you can get everything you need to do such an optimization with the following

conda install -c conda-forge pyomo ipopt

You can test if this is working by executing the following little snippet of code in an IPython shell or Jupyter Notebook:

from pyomo.core import *
from pyomo.opt import SolverFactory

m = ConcreteModel()
m.x = Var([1,2], within=NonNegativeReals)
m.objective = Objective(expr=m.x[1]**2 + m.x[2]**2)
m.constraint = Constraint(expr=m.x[1] + m.x[2] == 1)
    
solver = SolverFactory('ipopt')
results = solver.solve(m)

print('Optimal value of x:',
            (value(m.x[1]), value(m.x[2])))

Here is a challenge, if you like such a thing: use this test and the nonnegative least squares formula above to make a function that takes a list of imprecise counts and a float for a control total, and returns the optimized (fractional) counts for them.

It does take a bit of fiddling to get the pyomo python right, and then there are plenty of options to Ipopt that might make the optimization work better in more complicated cases. I found the book Pyomo — Optimization Modeling in Python useful for the former (and a pdf from a talk entitled Pyomo Tutorial – OSTI.GOV a good substitute before I got my hands on the book). For the latter, I found an extensive webpage of Ipopt options gave me some good hints, especially when combined with web searching, which provided only some small utility on its own.)

It is so cool that this is now possible. Thanks to all who made it so, including some old friends who must have been working on this back when I was a summer intern at IBM.

And for readers who don’t like or don’t have time for the challenge of coding it up themselves (perhaps including myself a day or a year from now), here is a solution:

def nonnegative_optimize(imprecise_counts, control_total):
    """optimize the imprecise counts so that they sum to
    the control total and are non-negative
    
    Parameters
    ----------
    imprecise_counts : list-like of floats
    control_total : float
    
    Results
    -------
    returns optimized_counts, which are close to imprecise
    counts, but not negative, and match control total in
    aggregate
    """
    imprecise_counts = list(imprecise_counts)
    
    model = ConcreteModel()
    model.I = range(len(imprecise_counts))
    model.x = Var(model.I, within=NonNegativeReals)
    model.objective = Objective(
        expr=sum((model.x[i] - imprecise_counts[i])**2
                 for i in model.I))
    model.constraint = Constraint(
        expr=summation(model.x) == control_total)
    
    solver = SolverFactory('ipopt')
    results = solver.solve(model)
    optimized_counts = [value(model.x[i])
                        for i in model.I]
        
    return optimized_counts

p.s. if you want to see what this looks like in action, or for convenience in replication efforts, find a Jupyter Notebook version of the code from this blog here: https://gist.github.com/aflaxman/d7b39fc8cd5805e344a66f9c9d16acf7

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Slides from my CSSS Seminar on DP and the 2020 US Census

Last week I got to present for a whole hour on the changes to the disclosure avoidance system being developed for the 2020 decennial census. Thank you Center for Statistics in the Social Sciences for being a great convener and thanks to the attendees for being a great audience.

Here are the slides, including some I made just for talking in this enumeration district:

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Differential Privacy and the FYI Guy

Gene Balk might  be the highest profile user of Census data in Seattle. He is a columnist for the Seattle Times, and as the “FYI Guy”, his columns center on facts in figures. Will the Census Bureau’s dedication to differential privacy ruin his work?

Let’s investigate.  His July 17th column was titled “For first time this decade, a dip in King County’s white population, census data shows”.  As you might suspect from the title, it turns entirely on census data, specifically the recently published 2018 Annual Population Estimates, which include estimates of the racial composition of the United States, each state and county, by year.  In the column, Gene focused on how the race-specific population numbers changed from 2017 to 2018:

See Twitter or the Times for a non-ugly version!

A provocative topic, for sure.  I read recently that demographers avoid drawing attention to the national version of this issue. I would have thought that perhaps it would not be as controversial in a liberal city like Seattle.  Perhaps I would have been wrong, as demonstrated by the editor’s note on the Seattle Times column:

To differential privacy

If I have understood correctly, there is not currently differential privacy in the disclosure avoidance system for Population Estimates.  But what if there was?  That would likely mean that the reported values would be noisy versions of the version now available on the Census website.  Instead of saying that there were an estimated 744,955 people living in Seattle on July 1, 2018, it might say that there were 744,955 + X – Y, where X and Y are numbers drawn randomly from a geometric distribution. (It might be a bit more complicated than that, but I don’t think too much more complicated.)  There is a crucial and yet-to-be-made decision about the appropriate standard deviation of this distribution, often described as the “privacy loss budget”, and also known as epsilon.

The privacy loss epsilon that people have been talking about for the decennial census is 0.25, which I recently learned is just for testing purposes.

Let’s reproduce the key figure with an epsilon of noise added. I started by trying epsilon of 0.01, since that sounds very private to me.  I’m not being very precise here, but I am following some code from the Census Bureau’s End-to-End test.

For the purposes of having something that visibly changes, let’s also try a reduced epsilon of 0.001, which sounds too small, to me.  Is this a useful way to investigate how DP might change things?  It looks like even at this level of privacy loss, in 99 out of 100 noisy versions the story is the same: a dip in White population of King County.

At least in this case, DP will not change the story for the FYI guy!

(Notebook to reproduce these figure here.)

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Census Workshop at UW

I have become very interested in the 2020 US Census. There is a workshop at UW about it tomorrow. Expect more technical content about the decennial census on this blog soon. http://ccde.com.washington.edu/census2020/

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#stats_book_club

My colleagues at IHME have been running a Statistics reading group for a year or more now, and this quarter I have joined them to carefully read Cameron Davidson-Pilon’s book Probabilistic Programming & Bayesian Methods for Hackers. We are now three sessions in, and it is going really well, IMHO. I’ve been doing some good thinking about what it takes to get started in applied statistics and Bayesian methods.

More to come.

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SWC Jokes

More thoughts on my recent 12 hours of Software-Carpentry-inspired teaching: one feedback card that I will keep in my rainy-day folder said the learner liked my jokes.

The jokes came in after the second break on the first day, before I figured out that 15 minutes was the right length for the break.  I was trying to bring the group back together after only 5 minutes off, and having trouble. “Knock knock,” I said, not too loudly.  “Who’s there?” answers some handful of learners who heard me over the racket. Now the room was starting to focus on this. But what did I have to deliver? “Isabel,” I offered, thanks to my 7-year-old neighbor.

Do you know this one? I need to get some Python-relevant material for future courses.  Anyway, more of the class was now working with me on it. “Isabel who?” they politely offered. “Is a bell necessary on a bicycle?” Definitely a winner… you never know what will go over until you try it on stage.

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